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Marengo County

The Alabama Territorial legislature formed Marengo County on Feb. 6, 1818. It was part of land acquired from the Choctaw Indians in 1816.

Marengo County is named for the Battle of Marengo won by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1800. The U.S. government granted land to a group of exiled followers of the French emperor in 1817. They founded Demopolis, the county’s largest city. Originally named the Vine and Olive Colony, the exiles failed in their attempts to grow grapevines for making wine and olive trees for olive oil.

While the exiles eventually faded away, Demopolis soon became an important trade center for Alabama’s richest cotton producing region. It was also an important river port for shipping cotton. During the Civil War, it was an important rail hub and supply depot.

Linden, named for Napoleon’s victory at Hohenlinden, was selected for the county seat. It is located roughly in the center of the county. 

Demopolis’ is still the county’s economic hub. The city’s economy remained mostly tied to agriculture until the 1950s when Gulf States Paper, Vanity Fair and other major manufacturing operations located in the town.

Other towns in the county include:

Dayton (60)
Demopolis (7,540)
Faunsdale (87)
Linden (2,424)
Myrtlewood (139)
Providence (311)
Sweet Water (234)
Thomaston (383)

From The Tuscaloosa News, Living Here

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County seat
Linden

County population
22,539

Makeup
52 percent black
47 percent white
1 percent other races

Median household income
$27,025

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